How long can an industrial injury compensation request be retained?


If you were injured at work in the past and filed a claim for work-related injury compensation, then you will understand the treatment, rehabilitation and paperwork involved. Depending on the circumstances and severity of the injury and the geographic location of the work place, certain laws will certainly apply to your situation. If in the end you have to hire a legal agent to get benefits, you may resolve the conflict with your employer. The question now is whether the claim will remain in your “records”, will this adversely affect future employment?

I feel naturally worried because potential employers may view this claim in many ways:

  • If you want to hold a position for an uninjured candidate, a claim may put you at a disadvantage. Even if you are in good health, an employer who has difficulty in making a bad experience with a worker and who makes a claim may hesitate to take another risk.
  • The notice of claim may make others think that you are physically incapable of the job you are applying for. If your injury is serious, this may make sense.

Your “record” will always show that you have filed a claim. Insurance companies use computer databases that can store the basic facts of your claims, and will never delete the database. Only insurance companies can access this information.

If (1) you tell them, the potential employer may understand your requirements. (2) They checked the reference materials and were informed; or (3) With your consent, they obtained the previous medical records. Usually, in cases where the medical condition is part of getting a job, the prospective employer may ask for release so that they can obtain your previous medical records. You will advise them who your family doctor or primary care doctor is, and any other medical care you receive. The required period may vary, but it is about five years. Therefore, if your claim is 15 years ago, it is highly unlikely.

what should you do?

The idea of ​​refusing to work based on past “work injury compensation” cases may make you worry, but in fact, unless you are still injured and unable to perform new work, there may be no reason to worry.

If you are asked about this in your job application, my advice is to be honest. When you are honest with your history, you will have a better chance to move on.



Bangkok floating market


Despite being called Bangkok’s floating market, Daneng Sadu floating market is actually located about 100 kilometers southwest of Bangkok in Ratchat province. If, like me, you see photos of many people selling many colorful fruits and vegetables on the open waters of the canal, then when in Bangkok, this is the list you want to check. Although there are many different floating markets around Thailand, the Damnoen Saduak floating market is the oldest and largest among them.

Unfortunately, all the beautiful pictures you have seen about Damnoen Saduak floating market are either marketing strategies or just some ways for tourists to feel better after being deceived by Thailand’s biggest tourist trap. The fact is that 90% of merchants on the floating market sell tourist accessories, such as statues, Thai t-shirts, hammocks, and of course, those straw hats worn by merchants seen on the market. In fact, most merchants are on the banks of the canal, and the steamboat drivers have reduced sales, so they stopped at all the souvenir shops. You will see people selling fruits and vegetables from the boat, but they are few compared to trinkets traps.

Now, I know all this, in fact the scam started before entering the market, but I have other plans. First, let me tell you the layout of the scam. Taxi drivers around Bangkok have brochures about floating markets, and they push them to all tourists. They will tell you that they will take you to the meter or meter for 800-1000 baht. Considering the distance from Bangkok, you might think this is good.

Taxi drivers make money from rebates. Once they arrive in the area, they will take you to the motor boat tour of Damnoen Saduak floating market, the operator will meet you on the taxi, give you a bottle of water, and then tell you around the market The 2-hour trip costs 3500-4500 baht per person (over $100). At this point they already have you. You probably don’t know anything about the market, and you don’t realize that there are other ship operators, and you have gone a long way to see it, so you slack off and paid off.

After learning all this information in advance, I decided to go to Damnoen Saduak in another way. One morning, when a taxi was walking in Bangkok, it gave me sharp things. I told him that I knew the deal, but I still wanted to go. I need to go to Pattaya within a few days, and I told him that if he can help me conclude a deal, I will also use him for this trip. Surprisingly, he said “OK”. He said that I could pay electricity meter or 1,000 baht, and he asked me to pay 1,400 baht to Pattaya. The transaction was confirmed and he picked me up at 7 am the next morning.

You know, I only care about the floating market, I just got some traditional photos of merchants selling fruits and vegetables from the boat. I know that the two market areas that make up Damnoen Saduak Floating Market are just a small part of the canal system, a large part is where people live, and this is exactly what I want to see… like a box of firecrackers there is hidden The prize in the canal, this is a beautiful temple, few tourists have seen the floating market.

After an hour and a half of the floating market tour, the taxi driver connected me to the owner of a power boat, who would take me through the market, then through the residential canal and to the farther temple. The boat cost me 800 baht, but this is really a cheap price, without having to stop at every souvenir shop to see the market.

The two main areas of the floating market are indeed made up of many small jewelry shops, but there are still many photos of merchants selling from the ship. I was told that if you can reach the canal (canal) before 8 am, then you will have the best view, because at that time the locals were actually peddling each other, and there were not many tourists around. By 9 a.m., the crowds around the market are already full of tourist boats. In the crowded driveway, the boats collide with each other and you will become very confused.

After crossing the market area, we stopped for some coconut soup and drove towards the beautiful canal residential area. You will see the impact of new houses under construction on the floating market, some of which are very good. All the houses have planted many flowers, and the owner seems very proud. Of course, there are some real shacks with garbage everywhere, but they are far apart.

Then, we went to sweep Wat at the end of a canal. Scanning itself is very beautiful, but some areas seem to need repair. I spent more than an hour in the Wat building and was surprised that I have been alone and no other tourists can see it.

All in all, this is a great trip for me because I know my storage space. If you find yourself wanting to visit Damnoen Saduak Floating Market, please remember a few things. Getting there early is the key to getting the best market image. Plan in advance how you will enter the market, whether it is through a hotel tour or a taxi. Motorboats are expensive, but paddle boats cost 100-200 baht per hour. Remember, unless you can reach an agreement, you will ride these ships with other tourists, and because of the power of the oars, they will not go further than the market.

If your time is tight and there are a lot of Bangkok attractions worth seeing, then give the floating market pass, because it is not worth to miss Wat Arun or Grand Palace. If you still want to see the floating market, you can take a day trip and visit the famous Rose Garden and Tiger Temple because they are very close.



Personal Injury Checklist-Steps to help you solve personal injury


In the trauma and chaos of traffic accidents, it is difficult to keep a clear head and control the situation. Although you may want to rely on on-site law enforcement personnel to handle everything, it is important for you to act quickly to gather evidence and talk to witnesses about details you may have missed. Collecting detailed information about the accident will help your legal representative to effectively file a claim with the insurance company and ensure that you get the compensation you deserve. The following list of personal injuries provides tips for dealing with the consequences of a car accident.

on the spot

-Stay on the spot until the law enforcement personnel and provide medical assistance to check the damage if necessary. Accident reports submitted by police and emergency medical technicians provide third-party views from reliable sources.

-Exchange personal information with accident-related personnel, such as name, address, telephone driver’s license number, license plate number and insurance details. Please do not provide or accept compensation at this time, and do not take responsibility for the accident, because it may lead to personal injury claims in the future.

-Talk to witnesses on the spot and get their contact information.

-If possible, take photos of the vehicle, the scene of the accident, and any physical injuries suffered by yourself or other parties involved.

After the accident

-If you are taken to the hospital, please obtain a copy of the accident report for personal files, ambulance and medical reports.

-Check your car insurance policy, including personal injury protection (PIP) and medical expenses details, to determine the type of insurance you are entitled to.

-Contact witnesses shortly after the accident to obtain a statement, and they can still remember the incident clearly.

-Because some personal injuries were not immediately discovered at the scene of the accident, please consult a doctor immediately. Get a copy of any medical records that can prove that a physical complication occurred after the accident.

-Take photos to prove the progress of the injury and treatment. Record the date on the photo.

-Track all the doctors you consulted and the medical expenses related to the accident, including medications and treatments. Make a copy of your medical bill to keep in the file.

-Take photos of your car damage before repairing.

-Keep a record of all car repair costs or other property damage in the accident, and make a copy of the receipt.

-Record the loss of wages caused by wasted working time due to accidents.

-Record your physical and emotional condition every day after the accident. Record any pain, distress or inconvenience caused by the accident, which will limit your normal ability to move.



Long Island MacArthur Airport regional jet airline



The story of the 50 regional jets produced by the Canadians and Embraer, to a lesser extent by the Fokker F.28 scholarship and British Aerospace BAe-146, is in many ways the story of Long Island MacArthur Airport , Because this type ultimately simplifies the hub carrier’s feed service for the main carrier. It represents a larger airline’s route to smaller and secondary airports, and has the same speed, flight time and comfort compared to traditional large trunk jets, making up for them with 19 to 50 seat turboprop aircraft The gap between the latter is too small and too slow for many of these departments.

To a large extent, the deregulation of airlines has led to the rise of the US spoked route system. Transport routes from long, but small regional aircraft to large-capacity passenger aircraft, such as American Airlines, Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines and United Airlines, and send them to large-capacity passenger aircraft. Commuters quickly expanded themselves, mainly due to this new jet. It was the right aircraft at the right time and led to the so-called “regional jet revolution”.

Bombardier Aerospace (later acquired Air Canada) said: “Regional aircraft is not only the most cost-effective way for airlines to connect hundreds of communities (if not thousands) to airport hubs and global airline networks,” passengers Travel experience, and provide more airlines with more passenger traffic, revenue and greater market share. In order to further increase traffic, people have proposed the idea of ​​using Air Canada regional jets to fly between “radiant” cities. Each new city with a voice has increased the number of transit passengers flying to regional airlines’ mainline partner hubs. These additional routes provide passengers in small communities with more flight options. “

This must have happened at Islip’s Long Island MacArthur Airport.

Doug Blissit, Delta’s former vice president of Delta Air Lines, said: “There are actually hundreds of markets that do not support conventional jet services, but now there are 30, 50 and 70-seater aircraft can provide jet comfort and economic services.” Network analysis. “Regional aircraft is a huge economic transformation in the aviation industry. The vast majority of deployments are to expand the coverage of the hub by using more economical aircraft.”

In addition to the nature of this type of cooperation, it also has a competitive advantage. It can be considered as a tool for attacking the radial fortress of major airlines, allowing smaller aircraft carriers to start from traditional turboprop commuters and penetrate the main personnel’s armor cracks, thus forming point-to-point route feeds that do not require a hub To obtain a sufficient load factor.

Early regional jet operations:

The Fokker F.28 scholarship may be the earliest regional aircraft in the Western world. It canceled Russia’s three-engine, 27-passenger Yakovlev Yak-40 from the discussion.

Its high-wing, twin-turboprop aircraft, the popularity of the F.27 friendship that can accommodate 40 people, just like the compass pointing in the direction of a pure jet supply machine, can provide higher speeds, thereby reducing the jamming time, thus Has led to rapid development. F.28 itself.

The aircraft was released in April 1962 and was originally intended for short-range operations, but it can provide 65 higher seats, and its body width is sufficient to meet the needs of five people side by side. The appearance is similar to the mainline aircraft such as British Airways BAC-111 and McDonald-Douglas DC-9. Its leading edge is a low-profile, swept-back wing, and two Rolls-Royce RB.183 Spey at the rear Primary turbofans, dorsal fins, and T-tails, but maintain simplicity by eliminating any leading edge equipment. Its unique design is the hydraulically driven petal-type air brake, which forms the rear end of the fuselage. It can be extended to different degrees, it contributes to a steep but slow and controllable descent profile.

In addition to the financial support provided by the Dutch government, the plan’s risk sharing comes from the Short brothers of Belfast, Northern Ireland. HFB and VFW in Germany; and AiResearch, Dowty Rotol and Goodyear.

The three prototypes made their first flight from October 20 to May 9, 1967, and August 3, and the first production F.28-1000 was delivered to customers in Germany on February 24, two years later. LTU. Like F.27, because F.28 is usually the largest model in the small airline fleet, sales can be calculated in single digits.

The stretched version of F.28-4000 has a total length of 97.2 feet and a wing span of 82.3 feet, an increase of almost 12 feet. It is powered by two 9,850 pound thrust Rolls-Royce Spey 555-15H turbofans with a maximum take-off weight of 73,000 pounds, a cruising speed of 2530 feet at 530 mph, and a maximum payload to fuel ratio range of 1,162 to 2,560 mile. Although it can accommodate 79 five-person single-cabin passengers, it can take another six people at a 29-inch seat pitch for a total of 85 people and install an additional wing exit on each side.

Type is the factor of Piedmont’s Islip operation.

Piedmont (Piedmont) itself opened the air route of flight 41 as early as February 20, 1948. Departing from Wilmington, North Carolina (0700), its DC-3 took a multi-hop journey to Pinehurst, Charlotte, Asheville, Lexington and Cincinnati. Two other aircraft of this type and 250 employees make up its metal and personnel backbone.

As the business continued to expand, especially the expansion of the route to Atlanta, it initially served Delta and Eastern Airlines flights and grew significantly until it became a major American airline. In 1966, its literal meaning and the image of a large airline arrived in New York, perhaps a symbol of its prestige.

Very profitable: $1 million in 1965, almost doubled in two years. It established its first hub in Charlotte, North Carolina, and radiated its influence to major cities such as Boston, Pittsburgh, Tampa, Miami, and Dallas/ft. Denver’s market value exceeds that of Eastern Airlines’ traditional Charlotte Fortress.

Advertised in the system schedule on October 31, 1982, using 727-100, 727-200 and 737-200s (the latter is the main aircraft in the short and medium distance), “We make travel to more than 80 cities Made easy”.

Subsequently, hubs were established in Baltimore and Dayton, and the wide-body 767-200ER eventually reached the West Coast and Europe.

By 1987, Piedmont operated a fleet of 177 people and traveled to about 235 destinations with a passenger capacity of 23 million passengers, making it a mature time for USAir to acquire it for $1.6 billion.

The capacity of Long Island MacArthur Airport, especially the F.28-1000 of 65 passengers, ensures the frequency of flights.

Of the five daily flights it dispatched to the Baltimore hub, morning and evening flights were carried out by 128-passenger 737-300 aircraft; in the morning and at noon, they took 37 seats of Piedmont Regional Airlines DHC-8-100 passenger aircraft Henson. F.28-1000 performed noon work, enabling it to “adjust the size” according to the time of day, capacity and demand.

In 1986, Piedmont (Pedmont) was deployed from Islip when it acquired the New York State-based and concentrated Empire Airlines, as well as its Syracuse hub and 85 passenger F.28-4000 aircraft. This model provides services for its rapidly developing Charlotte hub.

Another early regional aircraft was BAe-146 of British Aerospace Corporation.

The final design meets the demand for regional aircraft or regional aircraft, and has undergone several iterations, including the high-wing twin turboprop DH.123 aircraft proposed by De Havilland and the low-wing aircraft equipped with rear engines until it Together with Avco Lycoming ALF-502 high bypass ratio turbofan, it reached HS.146 of Hawker Siddeley. Because they do not generate the thrust required by the envisioned aircraft, only the four pylons installed under the high wing can ensure the required performance and range.

Although this type of official launch in 1973 looked promising, the subsequent world recession, rising oil prices and rising development costs made it untimely, leading to its termination in October 1974. However, low-key development continues.

After de Havilland and Hawker Siddeley merged into the state-owned British Aerospace Corporation and conducted their own design and market review, they obtained the government’s comprehensive plan development on July 10, 1978.

The final assembly took place in Hatfield.

Sports, such as the F.28 scholarship, a T tail and a rear petal, are used for the air brake formed by the steep approach fuselage. Its deflection is that its wing is tall and there is no leading edge device. There are also four turbofans. Although its cabin is spacious enough to accommodate six side-by-side seats, most aircraft carriers choose five.

The first flight of BAe-146-100 from Hatfield took place on September 3, 1981. This is followed by two stretched versions with larger capacities, namely BAe-146-200 and -300.

The former debuted on August 1, 1982, with a length of 93.10 feet, a span of 86 feet, a sweep angle of 15 degrees, and a Fowler flap on the trailing edge. Six people sit side by side, and the 29-inch pitch can accommodate up to 112 passengers on the floor. It has a maximum gross weight of 93,000 pounds and a payload of 1,130 nautical miles.

BAe-146 was put into operation at Wisconsin Airlines on June 27, 1983.

Presidential Airways was founded by Harold J. Pareti in 1985 and is headquartered in Washington. It is the sole operator of such aircraft as Islip. In addition to its 737-200 aircraft, it also has eight BAe-146-200 aircraft. It connected Long Island to its Dulles International Hub and later became a code-sharing carrier for Continental Airlines and United Express, providing flight services for its main flights in Washington.

Future regional jet operations:

The first next-generation regional jet was the “Air Canada” (later Bombardier) CRJ.

In addition to developing a completely new design, potential low-volume pure jet aircraft manufacturers have two options: to reduce the existing mainline aircraft (such as DC-9-10), which will add too much structural weight to the market or press Zoom in on the plane. The latter category is business jets, although their narrow body makes them unsuitable for such commercial applications. Due to the spacious cabin of the CL-600 Challenger, which first flew in 1978, Canadair was able to choose the latter.

It was originally envisaged to merge it into a simple passenger plane capable of accommodating 24 quadruple passengers and named CL-600E. It was first released in 1980, but the plan to continue this version was canceled the following year. In 1987, one year after Bombardier acquired Canadair, it reconsidered the concept of a small regional jet, and launched it in 1989.

It is more ambitious than originally thought, it uses a 19.5 foot extension, through the front and rear fuselage plugs, additional wing emergency exits, enhanced wings and increased fuel capacity, and two rear-mounted GE CF34 turbo fan is realized. Dressed up as it first appeared on the prototype on May 10, 1991. After flight test procedures for three aircraft, it received FAA certification on October 29 of the following year and was put into use by launch customer Lufthansa CityLine. Provides point-to-point and hub services from Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg and Munich to destinations in Western Europe.

The original CRJ-100 version exudes a pilot’s so-called “sexy appearance”, with a pointed nose, a length of 87.10 feet, a wingspan of 69.7 feet, an area of ​​520.4 square feet, only trailing edge flaps, and two CF220s of 9,220 pounds -3A1 thrust reverser and turbo fan, and a T-shaped tail. Fifty-four passengers can be accommodated in ultra-thin seats in the cabin with enclosed overhead storage boxes, kitchen and toilet.

The payload is 13,500 pounds, the total weight is 53,000 pounds, and the range is 1,650 nautical miles.

The follow-up CRJ-200 driven by CF34-3B1s provides greater range, lower fuel consumption and higher cruising speed and altitude.

The total sales for both types is 1,054.

Comair is headquartered at Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky International Airport and is the first modern regional aircraft operator of Long Island MacArthur.

Airline services began in 1977, initially landing in Akron/Canton, Cleveland and Evansville, equipped with eight-seater piston-driven Piper Navajos, followed by 18-seater turboprop aircraft Embraer EMB- 110 Bandeirantes.

After its establishment at the Cincinnati hub in 1984, it was accepted as a Delta Connection carrier and operated in its coating, and expanded significantly, and soon acquired Fairchild Swearingen Metro, Shorts 330, Embraer, EMB-120 Brasilia And Saab 340 equipment. Orlando became the second hub.

As the first customer of the Air Canada regional aircraft, by 2005, the company had operated 163 such aircraft, including 63 CRJ-100ER, 37 CRJ-100LR, 37 CRJ-200ER and 27 CRJ-700LR .

Delta Airlines acquired a 20% stake in Comair in 1996, and the remaining shares three years later.

This type of aircraft played an important role in the inauguration of Islip, three flights a day, every morning, afternoon and evening to and from Cincinnati (Cincinnati), so that passengers can take their own and partner Delta flights. This link opens up connections to Long Island in other parts of Canada and parts of Canada.

Another Canadian regional aircraft operator of MacArthur (also Delta Airlines) is ASA Atlantic Southeast Airlines.

On June 27, 1979, the Canadian De Havilland (De Havilland) DHC-6 Twin Other aircraft began an independent scheduled service from Atlanta to Columbus, Georgia, and purchased pure jets BAe-146-200 and CRJ- The Type 200 provided impetus to the airline hub after signing its own two-letter marketing agreement with Delta’s Atlanta hub. As happened with Comair, the ASA was attracted by increasing stock purchases until Delta Air Lines fully owns it.

Cincinnati (Cincinnati) arrived in 2002 and is its 100th destination. In 2003, it received the 100th regional aircraft. By 2011, the company had operated 112 CRJ-200ERs, 46 CRJ-700ERs and 10 CRJ-900ERs.

As of August 1, 1999, Islip has been connected to its own flight and Delta’s extensive Atlanta hub through the ASA’s three daily CRJ-200 round-trip flights. Later, Comair also provided services for this route.

Another Canadian regional jet operator flying to Islip is Wisconsin Airlines, which is branded US Airways Express, and has restored contact losses due to flight restrictions on Washington Reagan national flights. The incoming aircraft was awarded a water curtain on MacArthur’s ramp when it reached 1250 on March 25, 2012.

It restarted in 1328 and became the first of two daily CRJ-200 round trips. Although it is highly recognized by lawmakers, it is short-lived.

The opponent (if not the competitor) of the Air Canada regional jet is Embraer ERJ-145.

Leveraging an unprecedented engine enables it to operate in major untapped markets, using its powerful power, it tries to compensate for the higher fuel consumption of traditional turboprop aircraft by increasing its daily utilization rate, which is the traditional turboprop The fuel consumption of the engine is shorter. More and more passengers accept.

Unlike Canadair’s CL-600 Challenger business jet, it uses EMB-120 Brasilia as its inspirational base, introducing two fuselage plugs and redesigned wings with an extended leading edge chord, slightly The swept angle and winglet, but with pure jets in pods. The T-shaped tail is retained. It was originally called EMB-145 Amazon.

In early 1990, the Allison GMA-3007 turbofan generated 7,100 pounds of thrust, with a maximum thrust of 10,000.

The iteration resulted in a reduction in length, an increase in span, an increase in fuel capacity, an increase in weight, and an increase in performance, which ultimately led to the final flight of the final ERJ-145 on August 1, 1995. It can accommodate up to 50 passengers in the cabin, with three passengers side by side. It has a payload of 12,755 pounds and a total weight of 48,501 pounds in the aisle at the front of the cabin. It was first delivered to the launch customer ExpressJet Airlines in the second year and provided as Continental Express. Its capacity, speed and voyage can meet the demand for longer and thinner routes to meet its own and the United States. Continental Airlines needs.

United Airlines’ Corporate News on March 29, 2004, said: “With its hub at Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Continental Airlines is the largest airline in northeastern Ohio, flying more than 250 flights daily 80 cities.” “Continental Airlines and Continental Airlines have one of the youngest aircraft fleets in the United States, providing services from Cleveland Hopkins to major business centers, including Boston, New York (Newark Liberty, Lagua Dia, Kennedy, White Plains), convenient, high frequency service, and Islip), Washington (Reagan National, Baltimore-Washington and Dulles), Chicago (O’Hare and Midway), Houston and Atlanta.

Like other regional airlines, ExpressJet itself is the result of a merger of several turboprop commuter airlines, including Bar Harbor Airlines in Bangor, Maine; PBA Provincetown-Boston Airlines in Hyannis, Massachusetts; Colorado Rocky Mountain Airlines in Denver; and Brit Airways in Terre Haute, Indiana, both fly with the latter’s operating certificate.

It launched the ERJ-145 regional jet service on September 4, 1998, and eventually became the largest operator of the three aircraft types, including the smaller 37-seat ERJ-135 and 44-seat aircraft. ERJ-140.

Its three Islip-Cleveland frequencies each morning, afternoon, and evening carry a “CO” flight number, linking Long Island to the rest of the United States.

Another regional aircraft carrier of MacArthur Embraer is the American Eagle.

Like Continental Airlines, the American Eagle concept came out at the end of 1984 because American Airlines could not economically serve the secondary and tertiary markets with its mainline aircraft. It developed rapidly, providing power for the hub, and developed from turboprop engines to pure jet aircraft equipment. From November 1st, the first officially designated American Eagle Airlines flew from Fayetteville, Arkansas to Dallas. At that time, one of its Metroflight’s 14 Convair 580 aircraft was composed of two 3,750 hphp Allison 501-D13H turbines. The propeller plane provided power and landed at the southwestern hub of the United States. The aircraft converted from the piston-propelled CV-240, -340 and -440 were eventually replaced by the Saab 340.

Also second in the year was Command Airways, headquartered in Poughkeepsie, New York. The company operated Beech 99s, DHC-6 Twin Otters, Shorts 330s, Shorts 360s and ATR-42s.

Simmons, the third Japanese NAMC YS-11, Shorts 360, ATR-42, and ATR-72 deployed from Chicago O’Hare, and Wings West, the fourth, deployed C99, Fairchild Swearingen Metros, Jetstream 31s, and Saab 340 To a destination on the west coast.

Finally, Puerto Rico-based Executive Airlines jumped into the swimming pool on September 15, 1986, operating CASA C-212-200 Aviocar, Sorts 360 and ATR-72.

It operates from Islip to noon ERJ-145 in Chicago O’Hare, complements American MD-80 morning and evening, and replaces Saab 340 (which used to be a business express before AMR, Inc.) for 34 people on four shifts a day. Color flight), then folded it into the American Eagle brand (American Eagle brand), and use an equal number of 37 ERJ-135 frequency.

Another operator of the Long Island MacArthur American Eagle ERJ-145 is Piedmont, whose origin can be traced back to Henson Airlines.

It was established in 1961 by aviation pioneer and test pilot Richard A. Henson of Fairchild Aircraft Company. It has planted a sedentary foundation in Hagerstown, Maryland, USA as a designated base operator, designated as “Henson Aviation”, but thereafter He started his own regular service, flying from Washington to Washington. It was named after “Hagerstown Commuters” in 1962.

Five years later, a code-sharing agreement was reached with Allegheny Airlines and replaced the airline’s service in Salisbury, Maryland. The business expanded to Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington, and boarded the 1 millionth passenger in 1977 And purchased the first four-engine, capable of accommodating 54 passengers. Two years after that, Canada’s DHC-7 de Havilland.

It was purchased by Piedmont Airlines in 1983 and renamed “Piedmont Regional Airlines Hansen”.

The following year, the company delivered the first 37-seater DHC-8-100 passenger aircraft. By the end of 1987, it had served 38 destinations in ten states and the Bahamas.

After merging with USAir in 1989, Henson became the carrier of USAir Express and later US Airways Express, but it retained its original identity four years later and was renamed “Piedmont Airlines”. American Airlines purchased US Airways in 2013 and renamed it American Eagle, thus maintaining this philosophy.

Today, Piedmont/American Eagle operates three ERJ-145 flights daily from Islip to Philadelphia, USA, one of the former hubs of American Airlines/American Airlines in 0710, 1035, and 1858. The return flights arrived at Long Island area at 1007, 1833 and 2221.

Both ASA Atlantic Southeast Airlines and Comair ship the larger CRJ-700 into Islip.

Bombardier first tried to provide a higher-capacity version in order to more effectively compete with Fokker F.70 and Avro International RJ70 (70 seats), the plan was officially launched in January 1997. Based on the original CRJ-200, it introduced a slightly wider fuselage with a total length of 106.8 feet; a larger wing with a span of 76.3 feet and an area of ​​760 square feet; the leading edge slats increase low-speed lift and reduce takeoff Itinerary; 13,790 lb thrust CF34-8C5B1 turbofan; lower floors to increase cabin clearance; elevated passenger windows; single shift capacity of 78 people; and maximum payload and gross weight of 18,055 lbs and 75,000 lbs.

It flew for the first time on May 27, 1999 and served in British Airways (Brit Air) two years later, maintaining the same model level as the predecessor of the smaller aircraft.

Its extended range CRJ-700ER has a capacity of 1,504 nautical miles and a cruising speed of 448 knots/515 miles/Mach 0.78.

Timely regional jet snapshot:

Due to demand, the need to adjust capacity, schedule time, and in some cases need to replace one aircraft with another, any attempt to discuss the operation of regional aircraft at Long Island MacArthur Airport can only be completed in a timely manner.

For example, in the second half of 1988, which could be regarded as its early regional jetliner period, President Air transported its BAe-146-200 aircraft to Dulles, Washington, while Piedmont “resized” to maintain frequency, Passengers between 65-737-300 morning and evening and between morning and noon Henson DHC-8-100 at noon F.28-1000.

In 1998, it can be said that the next generation of regional jets is coming. Long Island is connected to the Delta Atlanta and Cincinnati hubs and the mainland Cleveland, with 50-seat CRJ-100, CRJ-200 and ERJ-145, respectively. Provided by Comair, ASA and ExpressJet.

The number of daily departures included: three Comair / Delta Connection CRJ-100 to Cincinnati, two American Eagle ERJ-145 to Chicago, two and later ExpressJet / Continental Express ERJ-145 to Cleveland , And three ASA / Delta Connection CRJ-200. Atlanta.

In the first month of regional aircraft operations, the airline transported 6,980 passengers, making it the third-largest tenant at the airport in terms of boarding.

As of December 1999, of the 37 daily pure jets, 8 (19%) used the new Canadair and Embraer regional jets. As of March 2000, the total number of monthly passengers on regional jets was 16,210, that is, ASA carried 6,107, Comair carried 6,831, and ExpressJet carried 3,212.

In August 2002, the American Eagle replaced the four Saab 340 flights to Boston with ERJ-135, providing a hub feed for American Airlines. In the fall, NASA (ASA) and Comair upgraded its two or three frequencies from Atlanta and Cincinnati to a larger capacity CRJ-700.

Last regional jet inauguration ceremony:

The latest airline for regional aircraft to enter the Long Island market is Elite Airlines.

As the name implies, the company was founded to provide a quality travel experience in 2016. It entered the arena as a US part 121 air carrier and transported sports teams and executives on a route from Northeast to Florida through a CRJ Of scheduled flights and charter services-100, five CRJ-200 and five CRJ-700.

From Islip to Portland, Maine, limited CRJ-700 service twice a week; Myrtle Beach, South Carolina; Melbourne and Florida cities held inaugurations on June 17, 2016 . However, due to lower-than-expected load factors, the company was prompted to pause twice between January 15 and February 16, and between April and July of that year to reconsider its strategy.

Although the second grounding became an unexpected 16-month grounding, it finally reappeared on the scene on September 6, 2018, this time sending the CRJ-200 on Thursday and Sunday to Melbourne. Designated as flight 7Q 21, it took off at 0800 and arrived in a sunny state in 1045. After a 45-minute turnaround, it re-flyed to Bimini in the Bahamas in 1130, becoming Islip’s first direct flight to the route.

Rebecca Emery, Director of Public Relations at Elite Airlines, said: “The route is designed so that passengers departing from Islip can only book flights to Melbourne or stay in Bibi Bimini’s transfer service.” “This is the closest Bahamas to the United States, with miles of secluded beaches, four-star hotels, and Resort World Bimini Casino and Marina.”

The return flight 7Q 23 departed from Bimini in 1330, but required customs clearance by the US Customs and Border Patrol. It landed in Melbourne an hour later, then operated in 7Q 24, took off in 1600, and landed at MacArthur in 2045.

The low load factor once again led to the suspension of the aircraft, which made the Piedmont/American Eagle ERJ-145 aircraft Philadelphia, which is the only remaining regional aircraft operation of Islip in early 2020.



~”Package”~ Mummy’s Revenge


Evil blasphemy! …”The man who robbed the Egyptian tomb is dead!”

“Leave it here, “Isis” resurrects the magic word of “Osiris”…”

“Oh, Amen-La…Oh! Gods…Death is just the door to new life! We live today-we will live again in many forms, we will return”


A barren archaeological team located on the outskirts of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is already devising a way to make money to fund all future exploration activities. This idea will eliminate the need to find or invite universities or universities and other factions to mine and mine. They can use this new idea to become an independent business tycoon. The plan of the matter is to establish an educational tourism and teaching foundation-a school and membership club. The group meeting will include trips to ancient lands and burial sites around the world. “All we have to do is develop a pricing plan and arrange some courses with task assignments to keep members… students interested and excited about travel… I believe they will stick to it. It-church and Religious groups have been doing…except that we will become a legal teaching entity-a real college…of course no credit.”

Four months later, the first class began. . . The first lesson was “Ancient Egyptian cemetery and mummy in it!”

First visit Kemet Sakakara’s “Temple of Karnak” and “Tomb of Amen”-“Ipet Isut” and “Tomb of Meraruka”.

A female student suddenly feels cold…like cold fingers touching her spine. She shivered with cold and terrible fear.

“I have never felt threatened like this, and death seems to haunt us with this new mission. I was so attracted by the excavation… It was like I was forced to continue this adventure, this class, Then look for someone… someone!”

Egypt is an ancient city. The Nile Valley is one of the birthplaces of world civilization. Since ancient times, this area has been one of the most romantic places in the world. It has wonderful monuments, from Aswan in the south to Cairo in the north, bordering the Nile River. The Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world and is the only surviving pyramid. “The Sphinx” has puzzled and fascinated people for centuries.

The colorful frescoes in the well-preserved ancient tomb depict the life of the Egyptian people about 4,000 years ago. For centuries, people from all over the world have visited Egypt to watch the wonders. Among the tourists a long time ago was the Greek historian Herodotus, who said: “Egypt is a gift from the Nile!”

Egypt is bordered by Libya in the west and Sudan by the south. It extends north to the Mediterranean and east to the Red Sea and the Suez Guild. Egypt also includes the Sinai Peninsula. The peninsula is home to Gebel Katherina, the highest mountain range in Egypt, at an altitude of 2637 meters (8651 feet). Except for the Nile River and its delta, Egypt is a brown arid desert. West of the Nile River is part of the vast Libyan desert. The east is located in the Arabian desert or the eastern desert.

Outside the Nile Valley and the Suez Canal area irrigated by the Nile River, very little water is available for agricultural production. The Faiyum Oasis on the edge of the desert is located southwest of Cairo. In the Libyan desert there are “Kalga”, “Dakhla”, “Faravra” and “Siwa Oasis”. Siwa Oasis is famous for the arrival of “Alexander the Great”.

There is sunshine almost every day in Egypt. There is little rain on the whole land. Alexandria; located in the wettest part of the country, it rains only 200 mm (8 inches) a year. The southern part of the country averages 75 mm (3 inches) or less.

Summer in Egypt is hot and dry. The temperature reaches about 40’C (105’F). In parts of the Libyan desert, when Khamsin (a dry, dry desert wind) blows in, the temperature may rise to nearly 50’C (about 120’F).

Winter is warm and pleasant. Egypt (Kmet) is mainly an agricultural country. Intensive farming, the Nile Valley is one of the most productive regions in the world. Recently, Egyptian leaders have been working hard to bring the country into the era of industrialization. Most people live on less than 4% of the land. There are nearly 80,000 wandering “bedouins” in the desert, accounting for 96% of the other deserts in Egypt/Kimet.

Egyptian “urban residents” live in apartment buildings, private homes in the suburbs or crowded property areas. House furnishings are similar to Western lifestyles and cities. The occupations of these urban residents are the same as those in most Western cultures. Building factories near the city attracted many unskilled workers on the farm. Many women are engaged in clerical and administrative work and occupations. Many social welfare organizations in Egypt are run by women.

Western clothing is common in cities. But these workers, especially those who grew up on Nile Valley farms, sometimes put on ankle-length cotton (Gallabiyea or Robe), and wore yellow robes (Kufi) or headscarves, which have been used by men and/or Egyptians Farmers.

Most Egyptians are “Muslims”. In the country’s rural and urban areas, there are five to six million Egyptian Christians (Coptics). In the Egypt/Kimet region, public education at all levels from primary school to university is free for boys and girls. Thousands of girls entered university and then held positions in various fields, including law, engineering and medicine.

Children from 6 to 12 years old must receive elementary education. Many people who have completed primary school education have entered preparatory schools, secondary or vocational schools. The three-year foundation course prepares students for entering secondary school. The middle school has three basic study plans for a period of three years. These are majors in family science, technology research and general education, with an emphasis on academic courses.

Egypt/Kimet has many free national universities. Cairo University was established in 1908 as a private university. The universities of Alexandria, Ain Santes (Cairo), Ayotte, Herwang, Mansoura, Minya, Tanta and Zagazig were all established by the Egyptian government.

Al-Azhar University in Cairo was founded in the 10th century. Many people think it is the oldest university in the world. It was established as a center for teaching Arabic literature, Islamic law and Muslim theology. In 1961, the course was expanded to include technical subjects and their traditional study courses. Now, there is another women’s university that has ties to Al-Azhar University.

Today, there is only one foreign university in Egypt/Kimet-the American University in Cairo… It was founded in 1919 by a group of American philanthropists. Many of its students come from outside Egypt/Kemet.

“Cairo” is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa. It has been the cultural center of the Arab world for hundreds of years. It has many museums, including the famous Egyptian Museum and its collection of Egyptian artifacts. In addition to being the seat of Egypt’s government, Cairo is also a busy commercial, banking, and tourist center. The city also has industrial factories in the suburbs.

In the Mediterranean, it is the second largest city in “Africa”…”Alexander”. Founded by “Alexander the Great”, it is also a very busy port on the Mediterranean Sea. According to history, the city was built in 332 BC. Alexandrain attracted poets and scholars (well known) from all over the world, including the great mathematician “Euclid” and the famous geographer “Ptolemy”. One of the seven wonders of the ancient world is “Pharaohs”, “Alexander Lighthouse.” It was destroyed in the 14th century. “It is said that the Library of Alexandria holds 400,000 books. Alexandria is considered the summer headquarters of the National Government. This place is famous for its white sandy beaches, rose gardens and the Palace Museum.

The most famous ancient city in the country is “Luxor”. At present, this is a tourist city of luxury hotels, overlooking the mysterious and beautiful Nile River. Luxor also hosts the “King Valley”! “Temple of Karnak”, “Tombs of Queens and Kings”, Mausoleums of Nobles, “Delhi Bahri (Delhi Hatshepsut Funeral Temple)”, “Mammoth Colossus” (two Amenhotep Towering statue of III), “Ramesseum” and its “Ramses II” statue and “Luxor Temple” are all located in “Luxor”.

“Aswan” is Egypt’s winter resort. Aswan is one of the fastest growing cities in the country. Thanks to the construction of the “Aswan High Dam Project” and the rapid development of “hydropower” and “industrial factories”, it is indeed a reasonable “back pat.”

The country now known as the “Egypt Arab Republic” has one of the longest history in the world. The written history of the country can be traced back to nearly five thousand years, until the dawn of civilization. The earliest calendar was invented by the ancient Egyptians.

The Egyptian legislature “Members of the People’s Assembly” was elected for a five-year term. Half of the members must be workers or farmers. Since 1952, the parliament’s first multiparty elections were held in 1979. The head of state is the president, and he is also the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The president was elected for a six-year term. The constitutional changes approved in 1980 allowed the term of office of the president to be indefinite. The President is assisted by the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.

The judicial department of the government is independent of the other two departments. No member of the other two branches may interfere with the court. All trials are conducted by three judges. There is no jury.

In the past, there were two court systems; a civil court hearing police cases; and a religious court hearing cases related to marriage, divorce and inheritance.

In 1956, the religious court was abolished. But a constitutional amendment in 1980 made the Islamic Code the main source of law.

Some of the most impressive buildings known, including the Great Pyramid (the tomb of the early Egyptian king) and the “Sphinx” of “Giza”, were built before 200 BC. The largest of the pyramids was built by “Cheops”, about 2600 BC. Despite people’s disagreements about Egypt’s early dating, it is believed that Egypt was born around 3200 BC, when a king named “Menes (aka “Namer”) led a government Let’s unite the cities of northern and southern Egypt.

A record shows that in 640, Muslims (newly established members of Islam) swept westward from the Arabian Peninsula and conquered Egypt. Muslims established the city of Cairo in 969 and made it the capital of Egypt. The Muslim “caliphate” and its preachers ruled Egypt for centuries. During this period of Muslim rule, one of Egypt’s most famous rulers was “Saladin (1138-1193)”, who fought against the Christian Crusaders at the end of the 12th century. The “Ottoman Turks” followed the rule of these rulers and ruled Egypt from 1517 to 1805 for nearly 300 years.

However, according to many academic sources, the little-known Oriental “Hyksos” invaded Egypt and conquered the land, bringing the first batch of horses and chariots in Egypt’s history. Later, the Egyptians did drive away the usurper…all of this happened between 1500 and 1675 BC. In or around 1375 BC, “Amenhotep IV” (Akhenaten) became king of Egypt. He abolished the worship of many ancient Egyptian gods and introduced only one god. Akhenaten is one of the earliest monotheists in the world (a believer with only one god). However, after Akhenaten’s death, the believers of the old gods once again gained power, and Akhenaten’s reforms were also ignored.

“Mempetti Ramses I” (or Ramses) was the founding pharaoh of the 19th dynasty of ancient Egypt. The date of his brief reign is not fully understood, but the timetable of 1292-1290 BC and 1295-1294 BC. Ramesses I was the founder of the 19th century dynasty. In fact, his short-term rule marked the reign of Horemheb, which stabilized Egypt at the end of the 18th century, and the rule of the powerful pharaoh of the dynasty. Transition, especially his son Seti I and grandson of Ramsesses II, who brought Egypt to the new imperial power.

One of the most famous kings in Egypt is “Ramses II (1292-1225 BC)”, who carved on the monuments and temples of “Karnak” and his cliffs on the west bank of the Nile The resulting temple is famous in “Abu Simbel”.

Around 1000 BC, the power of Egypt declined. Between this period and 332 BC, Egypt was ruled by “Libyans”, “Ethiopians”, “Assyrians” and “Persians” in turn. In 332 BC the country was conquered by “The Greeks” under “Alexander The Great”. After his death, a general became the ruler of Egypt, namely “Ptolemy I”. The Ptolemaic dynasty ended in 30 BC, when the last person in the line “Cleopatra (Cleopatra (69-30 BC)”) committed suicide. Egypt subsequently became “Rome Province”. In the next six hundred and thirty years, the successor of the ruler was appointed by the emperors “Roman” and “Byzantine”. During this period, Egypt became largely “Christian” and was the seat of the earliest “Christian monastery”.

During the “Turkey” rule, “Napoleon I of France” landed in Egypt. His expedition to Egypt aroused the great interest of “Europeans” in the country. An officer of Napoleon discovered the “Rosetta Stone”, which was the key to the ancient Egyptian text “Hieroglyph!”

The recorded text continues to explain the history of Egypt with the entrance of “Mohammed Ali (Muhammad)” in 1805. He is of “Albanian” descent. Mehmet was appointed “Pasha” or Governor of Egypt by the “Ottoman Turks”. He seized power for himself and established the “Upper Egyptian Dynasty!”

It was during this dynasty that the “Suez Canal” was built and cotton became the most important crop in the country. “Mehemet Ali” and his successors often seek funding from “UK” and “France”. In 1875, the Egyptian government sold its controlling interest in the Suez Canal to the United Kingdom, thereby enhancing its influence. At the beginning of “World War I”, “British” declared “Egypt” as the British protectorate.

Egypt’s independence was recognized in 1922, when “Fouad I (1868-1936)” became the ruler. Egypt fought side by side with the “Allies” in World War II, and became a charter member of the “United Nations” under the strong influence of Britain. After the declaration of “Israeli independence” in 1948, Egypt and other Arab countries opposed the establishment of a new “Jewish nation.” Although the region has historically been “the hometown of the Jews”, the Arabs have lived there for hundreds of years. Therefore, the Arabs felt that their houses had been taken unfairly. Undeclared war broke out between Israel and its Arab neighbors, including Egypt. An armistice agreement was signed in 1949, but sporadic border fighting did not stop.

Dissatisfaction was the long-lasting resistance to the corruption of “King Farooq (1920-1965)”, which led to the revolution of the army led by “General Mohammed Najib” in 1952. The country was declared a republic in 1953. In 1954, “Najib” resigned as “Colonel Gamar Abdul Nasser” until his death in 1970. He was succeeded by “Anwar Sadat”.

When Egypt nationalized the “Suez Canal” in 1956, Israel was refused to use the canal. With the help of France and Britain, Israel invaded Egypt and occupied the entire “Sinai” peninsula. The British and French landings landed on the side of the “port”. The United Nations intervened and the invading army withdrew. Until 1967, United Nations emergency forces were stationed on the Egyptian side of the border. In 1967 and 1973, Israel and Egypt fought two more wars on the “Sinai”.

The United Nations peacekeeping team is again stationed in the area. The Suez Canal reopened in 1975.

The theme of “Arab Unification” is discussed from time to time in the “Arab World”. In 1958, Syria and Egypt joined to form the “United Arab Republic.” But Syria withdrew from the alliance in 1961, and Egypt changed its name to “Egypt, Syria, and the Arab Republic of Libya.” Three Arab Republics approved plans to form a federation-but the proposed unification has never been achieved. Later, Egypt and Sudan signed a joint defense agreement and cooperated in many joint ventures in the field of economic development. They held their first joint parliamentary meeting in 1977, but they have not discussed plans to establish a single country between the two countries.

Egyptian President Anwar Sadat made a historic visit to Jerusalem in 1977. Since its establishment in 1978, Sadat became the first “Arab leader” to visit Israel.

Israeli Prime Ministers “Menahem Begin”, “Sadat” and US President “Jimmy Carter” met at “Campaign David” in 1978. They formulated a peace agreement between Egypt and Israel and developed a framework. Broader peace throughout the “Middle East”. Israel agreed in stages to withdraw from the “Sinai Peninsula” in 1982. Through this action, the two countries established diplomatic relations in 1979.

The “Nobel Peace Prize” was shared by “Sadat” and “Start” in 1978. Many Arab countries condemned Egypt’s recognition of Israel, withdrew aid, and drove Egypt out of the “Arab League”. Sadat was assassinated by Muslim extremists in 1981. According to various reports; he opposed his policies, including the peace treaty with Israel. His successor “Hosni Mubarak” continued to support the agreed peace treaty.

On April 25, 1982, the last batch of Israeli troops withdrew from “Sinai” and the area was sent back to Egypt. However, the relationship between Israel and Egypt has become greater… After the Israeli forces invaded “Lebanon” later that year, the relationship between Israel and Egypt was tense again.

Today, turmoil, hatred, suspicion and hatred still exist throughout the “Middle East”.

Oh, what will happen next on such a historic land…?

“There is more in the world of Horatio than your philosophical dream”



Life history of Bedford, Pennsylvania


Bedford is a well-preserved historical site that provides a lively historical experience for tourists, allowing him to walk along the road forged by his ancestors, visit several important houses and fortresses, and even stay in Its rising resort.

The frontier region is full of rolling hills, grasslands and forests. The former calls for people to exert the inherent characteristics of creativity on it, rising from Harris Ferry along the Susquehanna River in the east. The fort to Logstown proved to be on the Ohio River in the west during the French and Indian Wars from 1754 to 1763. It marks the expansion of the British to the west, just like a series of GPS waypoints. Their names include Lyttleton, Loudon, Frederick, Raystown/Bedford, Cumberland, Ligonier, Necessity, and Pete/Duquesne. However, the two names with dual names will play the largest role in the development of the region.

Where the traffic paths meet, the settlement usually rises, just like the town of Bedford, which was the form of a stronghold erected by the British in the movement against the French along the Forbes Road in 1758, which was formerly a trail in India Assembly point. They will then evolve into the first arterial ride across the Pennsylvania toll road to facilitate the transportation of horses and trucks.

The irregularly-shaped fortifications built by General John Forbes Vice President Colonel Henry Bowquet, covering 7,000 square yards, have five forts. Four to five feet deep around its perimeter, a three-foot wide V-shaped ditch supports 18-foot-long logs laid side by side, which are cut from the surrounding oak forests, flat and tightly intertwined. When inserted, a circular gallery extends from the north end of the central fortress to the edge of the water. The rotating gun guard guards its corner.
The entrance is provided by three gates, one of which is on its south side parallel to today’s Pitt Street. The second, smaller, west-facing; there is also a backyard that opens north

The originally designated Fort Raystown perched on a bluff and overlooked the river gap. It was originally a staging point for 6,790 westward troops attacked while ascending the majestic Allegheny Mountains, but continued. Before heading to Fort Pitt/, the necessary supplies have been replenished/Duquesne, the stronghold of France.

The British strategy proved successful: their opponents were defeated, effectively removing the obstacles for native English speakers to control the Ohio Valley and even the United States.

At the end of 1758, after the 4th Duke of Bedford, England, the fort was renamed “Bedford Fort”. The secondary purpose of this fort was to provide a sense of security against Indian attacks, and its safety promoted people’s Settlement mountains in valleys and wood-rich areas. As a result, it provided the seeds that allowed this named village to eventually grow, becoming the first county town west of the Tuscalolar Mountains, and at one time became a strategic location throughout western Pennsylvania, located on intrastate highways.

It was launched in 1766 and was established on March 13 29 years later.

The development of the county town was parallel to the development of the town, which was caused by the discovery of coal on Broad Top Mountain, resulting in the railway needed to transport it to the sprouting iron foundry in the area, only from 1870 to 1890 Time, the population has increased by 100%. The track network, which facilitates the transportation of iron, wood and passengers, was later supplemented and eventually replaced by the Lincoln Highway (Route 30), which connects Bedford with Pittsburgh and Pennsylvania toll roads.

Bedford’s own short urban walking tour allows visitors to relive their history in several important buildings.

For example, the National Museum of American Bedspreads is located in an ordinary school, which was built in 1859 at a cost of $7,000 and started enrolling 211 students the following year. It was used as a school until it was sold to private interests in 1999. It contains a large part of the original structure, including the middle part, the ventilation system and the surrounding iron fence.

The Bedford County Courthouse was built by Solomon Filler from 1828 to 1829 at a price of $7,500. It also exudes originality, especially on the clocks installed on the top of the tower. The chain can only be wound manually after climbing until it is powered on in 1975. Its two internal self-supporting circular staircases lead to the second floor of the longitudinally lined courtroom. The columns on the opposite facade were donated by Feller himself, and later donated by Feller himself, representing God on the left and justice on the right.

The people on the monument are located at the intersection of Juliana and Penn streets. They were erected in 1890 to commemorate soldiers who sacrificed their lives during the Civil War, including more than 20,000 pence students. It moved to its present position in 1957.

Behind it is the seat of the city’s first court and prison, constructed from blue limestone between 1774 and 1775.

Espy House is one of the most important buildings. In fact, it was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1984. It was owned by the Colonel and Mrs. David Espi, and was the headquarters of George Washington during the 1794 Whiskey Uprising. Farmers in western Pennsylvania protested the consumption tax on alcohol levied by Hamilton, the Ministry of Finance. The 13,000 EFF in Washington had been frustrated by requesting the surrounding expansion to provide overnight accommodation. This marks the first and only time that the US President has commanded the army in the wild.

The rebels dispersed to the mountain in October and showed failure.

The National Tower opened the door for tired travelers almost throughout its existence. Its strategic location is on Forbes Road, now known as “Pitt Street”.

Like the court building built by Solomon Filler, the Anderson House is located on land purchased from William Penn named by the state government, and its front is used for medical treatment The back office is used as the Allegheny Bank of Pennsylvania. It is the only public warehouse between Pittsburgh and Chandsburg.

Bedford Museum:

The importance of the original fortress was short-lived and was only the place where a major event in history occurred: trying to release the prisoners detained there, James Smith and his black boy occupied the fortress on September 17, 1769, but After the French and Indian wars, its garrison borders have been reduced to only a negligible number of 12. By 1775, when the border moved to Pittsburgh, it quickly developed into a state of disrepair.

To celebrate the 200th anniversary of Bedford’s birth, a blockade of logs and caulk was raised from the original fortress location (200 years after its completion in 1958), still perched on a cliff, overlooking Take the Raystown Branch River at Juniata. Its north wall was partially added in 2006 and is adjacent to the current Bedford Museum.

The block Fort building is divided into a main gallery, a transport room, a back gallery, a mezzanine and a gift shop. The interior exudes the new frontier atmosphere of western Pennsylvania, displaying 2,000 artifacts in its collection, including Native American tools, Civil and military items, household items, fl guns, antique tools, 19th-century women’s clothing, civil war cannons, Conestoga vans, stone tools, documents signed by the Paine family, and the ledger of Bedford Spa Resort, showing Buchan The signature of President Nan.

Its focus is a large-scale model of the original fortress, depicting Forbes Road, Juniata River and its surrounding area. But perhaps the rarest piece in the collection is the original 1758 national flag. A hand-stitched red silk satin brocade flag was sent from the 4th Duke of Bedford, England, to a British gift still designated as Fort Rex, with a 23-inch by 24-inch joint jack in the upper left corner , Which promoted the development of the fortress. To commemorate him, he was renamed Bedford at the end of 1758. Although there is no evidence to indicate whether this is official, the evidence hung in the officer’s quarters is only shown on special occasions.
However, when the British freedom to rule was called the “Declaration of Independence”, the patriots of British officials came to Bedford by word of mouth.

An example of the museum is the only British red fly that survived the French and Indian wars.

Old Bedford Village:

The Fort Bedford Museum provides only the past style of the town. However, the more than 40 original and replicated logs, frames and stone structures that make up Old Bedford Village allow visitors to put on the shoes of former citizens and go their own way, explaining what is preserved here Early life in Pennsylvania.

Drive past the clay-covered flyover, and briefly through the Welcome Center, taking him back to the dawn of Pennsylvania, where the carriage drove through the gravel road, the smoke from the chimney of the cabin, people were wearing casual clothes, and the blacksmiths beat the metal The voice echoed.

The village provides some examples of period residences. For example, Biddle House is a two-story log structure that was originally built a few miles away from the Dutch Corner and is one of the earliest buildings in the complex. Its V-shaped double fireplace provides both heat and cooking methods.

The next-door Kegg-Blasko house is a mixture of houses, which combines the remnants of the structure built by Thomas Kinton in 1768 and James Heydon in 1790, both of which are located in Bay. Deford County.

A 1802 paper contract identified the village’s Semanek house as a “log building”, originally located in the village of Ryot in the town of West St. Clair. It uses almost extinct chestnuts in its construction.

Williams Cabin is a typical representative of most first-generation settlers’ cabins, until time and place allowed them to build more sturdy cabins, while the contrasting Anderson Victorian houses were built by Ananda The wood of Lai Hotel is assembled, reminiscent of its Victorian era of the same name.

Represents two schools: the standard configuration of Kniseley School, built in 1869, located near Pleasantville, until the 1930s, and the appropriately named 8 square school, by Nat Hoover (Nat Hoover) in 1851 Founded in the town of East St. Clair in 2007, it is often patronized by children of wealthier families.

In many shops and service establishments, dressed citizens are still practicing the original method. The ice cream parlour is a 17th-century cottage-style building. It is said that Feather’s Bakery was built by William Nichols in 1808. It still produces commercially available baked goods in the oven called “Old Bedford Village Bakery”. Its door opened. In the dark interior of the Pendergrass Tavern, the interior decoration provided by wooden shelves can also be used for lunch. The restaurant’s original counterpart was outside the city walls of Bedfordburg in the 1750s.

Other necessities of the period are available from Chandler (candle), furry basket store, Cooper store (barrels and barrels), grocery store and post office, Old Bedford Country Press, Bedford County Rifle, Carriage shop, Fisher shop get. Pottery, White Smith (tin) and broom shop.
Manually driven all the machinery in the village, such as the Hammings furniture and wood store and the bicycle lathes and bicycle-like jig saws of Antonson Blacksmith’s Shop. The tools necessary for handicrafts in other periods have also been formed, including very Sturdy shoes. Need to run the day’s engine-horse.

The village also took care of people’s improper behavior in prison, which represented the type used in the county town 1800 years ago, and ensured that his soul of paradise would not be a replica of the United Church in 1806. Into the ashtray. It is made of logs and still stands west of Fort Shelter.

Using the village’s rich resources and educational programs that require handcrafting, through sewing, dip candles, collaboration, forging, basket making, spinning, wheat weaving, leather processing, teaching, depicting and demonstrating the life of Pennsylvania in the 18th and 19th centuries , Tin, broom making, corn rag doll doll making, and a series of courses, lectures, and tours of off-road vehicle riding. You can buy handicrafts made in the country at the gift shop in the Welcome Center.

Seasons and holidays mark special events, such as colonial arts and crafts exhibitions; festivals with historical customs, costumes, and food; muzzle gun battles; civil wars, the recurrence of the French and Indian wars; Old West weekend; murder mystery night; pumpkin festivals and vintage On Christmas, I saw a candle lantern in the village.

Bedford Springs Resort:

Many important houses and fortresses in Bedford give visitors a glimpse of its history, but Bedford Springs Resort allows him to live.

Although the original Bedford Castle and the discovery of wide-topped coal attracted people in the area, there was another important attraction: mineral springs.

As early as 1796, Dr. John Anderson discovered what the Native Americans already knew, namely, drinking and bathing in the seven Chateau in the area, limestone, sulfur, and sweat spring water all recovered Sexual and curative results. Incorporating these originally free remedies into his medical practice, he chose to purchase 2,200 acres of land around him and build his own house on it. But his privacy in this idyllic place is short-lived.

Travel to Cumberland, Maryland, and then take a horse and truck for the last 21 miles of trek to Bedford. More and more tourists are attracted to the area to find the therapeutic effects of hot springs, and Dr. Anderson was originally They are improvised here. Tent, according to personal health requirements to prepare customized prescriptions. Bathing facilities were formed in 1802.

But the irresistible desire quickly demanded the replacement of temporary tents with more permanent and regional indicative accommodations-four years later in the form of Stone Inn, Stone Inn’s structures were provided free of charge like springs by water, adjacent mountains And the ox was pulled down. The location is permanently unchanged, but its purpose is only temporary, and the number of guests exerting demand on it soon exceeds the capacity.

According to a travel note written by Joshua Galpin in 1809, when the stone house has been joined by the predecessors of Clarkford and Evette’s house, the facilities include “large frame houses and some smaller family-style houses Housing, including hot and cold baths and billiard room.”

This Swiss building and other buildings soon rose from a vast space that was once meaningless.

It is famous for comfortable accommodation, good food and activities that emphasize the natural environment, constantly attracting industrialized guests from the eastern coastal cities, and more and more wealthy and distinguished guests. For example, the future US President and Pennsylvanian James Buchanan first visited Bedford Hot Springs in 1821, and will eventually spend 40 summers there, calling it the “Summer White House.” In 1848, James K. Polk became one of the ten current presidents there, followed by Taylor, Taft, and Polk , Harding and Eisenhower, as well as nine Supreme Court justices and countless celebrities. Ten years later, Buchanan himself received the first transatlantic cable sent by Queen Victoria of England at the resort.

For the first time in 1872, rail transport linked the growing region to major countries such as Philadelphia, Washington, and New York, greatly simplifying travel to Bedford.

At the end of the 19th century, it became one of the large resorts in the United States. It appropriately reflected the golden age of the period with spring houses, bridges, gates and paths, and the cable across the Atlantic Ocean was only the first of many resort-related innovations. For example, it introduced one of the earliest golf courses in the country, such as designed by Spencer Oldham in 1895. Ten years later, it launched the first indoor mineral water indoor swimming pool with solarium and spa room.

Although advances in medicine have prevented the scale from reaching Bedford Spa’s original intentions, its reputation as a luxury resort serving prestigious customers has firmly established itself in the region that created this area. In fact, it is so The central colonnade has now become the main attraction dining room, with a cylindrical pavilion at Magnesia Springs in Schober’s Run.

Its role still maintained a sense of luxury, transferring between 1941 and 1943, when the US Navy occupied the resort, trained about 7,000 sailors in radio operations, and then used it as a detention facility as a World War II During the detention center of nearly 200 Japanese diplomats captured in Germany until they were replaced by American prisoners of war in Asia.

In the 1950s, due to the installation of environmental control and sprinkler systems, it had a modern impact again.

Popularity inevitably conflicts with the purpose. Travel trends have changed. Although designated as a national historical landmark in 1984, travel trends have been declining until they are closed after two years. Subsequent flooding caused severe damage to its 200-year-old wooden wall.

But Bedford Springs Partners is still aware of its brilliance, buying the once majestic real estate for $8 million, and carrying out a large-scale, $120 million restoration to revive and restore it to the golden age of 1905 , And reopened on July 12, 2007 after the eighth mineral spring was discovered intermittently. After two acquisitions in two years, it was renamed “Omni Bedford Springs Resort and Spa”.

Its self-proclaimed mission is to “open the door to history.”

Bedford Springs Resort is located in the Allegheny Mountains region of south-central Pennsylvania, overlooking the Cumberland Valley. It can be driven down the historic hillside to the sanctuary where time has been preserved, and then through the white porch. The spacious mansions lined up in Bedford Springs Resort. In the audible streams and springs, after the manicured lawns and formal gardens, visitors enter the circular driveway, which is close to the double brick front colonnade. In addition to becoming a national historic landmark, the resort also has AAA-grade three-diamond four-star properties and is rated as one of the historical hotels in the United States.

The colonnade itself is the core of the connectivity with the adjacent architectural style. It is itself a reception area for guests. It is decorated with the original 39-star American flag; the lobby; the location for daily afternoon tea service; and the entrance to the ballroom stairs. One of its flanks leads to the Stone Inn with frontier taverns and 1796 Room restaurant, while the other side passes through the Crystal Room restaurant, through the library, through the Che Sara Sara food stall, indoor swimming pool and shops Corridor to go to the spa.

The resort’s 216 rooms and four suites are located in the historic Spa Wing or the new Spa Wing, which has a long history and tradition, but still offers modern luxury, authentic patterns and textures, marble floors in the bathroom and washbasin , Egyptian linen and authentic, past times reminiscent of canes.

There are several restaurants.

For example, the Crystal Room used to be a music room, and it was also used as a ladies’ living room. It was renovated in 1905 during the grand campaign of the resort, replacing the considerable facilities upstairs and later becoming the colonnade banquet hall. There are now classic Doric column screens on both sides, with original crystal chandeliers reflecting the name. Victorian back chairs with gold-plated mirrors; four types of blue rotisserie; exhibition kitchen; 1,500-bottle wine cellar; and a collection of guest photos taken between 1892 and 1898. It leads to Daniel Webster’s private room.

The Frontier Tavern in the Stone Inn area of ​​the hotel used to be a stagecoach stop. The earliest guests of Bedford Springs have been transported from the carriage to the original tavern three miles away for dinner. It is full of period items, such as bear traps, tools, wood stoves and colored pottery. It also has a bar and a pool table.

Room 1796, also located in the Stone Inn area, reflects the year when Dr. John Anderson first purchased the Bedford Springs Hotel, and exudes an 18th century steak and ribs American colonial atmosphere, which also includes various options such as bison, Venison, rabbit, wild boar, quail, game pie and mountain trout.

The mineral water indoor swimming pool has restored its 1905 façade, and it has been playing sports on the music pool that has been entertaining guests for more than a century.

The 30,000-square-foot Springs Eternal Spa features dry and wet treatment rooms, aromatherapy, massages, facial treatments, gardens and boutiques. All treatments use actual mineral water.

The conference center is 20,000 square feet, which is two thirds of the conference room.

The 18-hole “Old Course” designated golf course reflects the deductive form designed by Donald Ross in 1923, the third after the Spencer Oldham in 1895 and the intermittent 9-hole AW Tillinghast version in 1912. Such creation.

In addition to playing golf, Bedford Springs Resort offers many activities, including indoor and outdoor swimming, hiking and cycling on 25 miles of trails, fishing in the Golden Trout River, kayaking, Rafting and cross-country skiing, and has a wide range of functions, from parties to horse riding weddings.



John Paul “The Beast” Mugabi-Uganda bids for Moscow boxing gold medal in 1980


Before becoming a professional player, the famous Ugandan boxer John Paul “The Beast” Mugabe was John Mugabe. He was a young, hardworking, fast, and promising boxer. Mugabi, 20, stared at the professional stage after winning the silver medal at the 1980 Olympics in Moscow. The famous British coach and manager Mickey Duff (Mickey Duff) noticed Mugabi (Mugabi), and quickly called him. Duff is one of many people who believe that Mugabi was robbed of the gold medal (including Charles Lubulwa, a Ugandan who participated in the 3rd Olympics). In the professional team, Mugabe’s fierceness, strength and speed earned him the nickname of “beast”. Mugabe once called it “flattering”, but the world began to refer to him.

It was in the Sacred Heart Parish of Nogales, Arizona that Mugabe became his most epic battle after training, and on March 10, 1986, he joined the world middleweight champion “Marvel” Marvin Ha When Geller trained together, Mugabe obtained Paul’s name and entered the Catholic Church (Clive Gammon, “This beast is a beauty”, in “Sports Illustrated”; March 3, 1986).

The semi-arid Nogales “City of Walnut Trees” traveling along the Mexican border is the largest border town in Arizona. Tiny Rio Rico is located ten miles north of Nogales, where the Mugabi training camp was established at the Sheraton Hotel to prepare for Hagler’s encounter. The trainee of Mugabe was the same parish priest Fr. Anthony Clark, which was essential for his baptism.

As early as 1976, at the age of 16, Mugabi (Mugabi) lost to the US Herol Graham in the Junior Amateur World Boxing Championships, and won the welterweight silver medal. Interestingly, just weeks before Mugabe’s battle with Hagler, Graham defeated Uganda Ayub Kalele, the European middleweight champion, after he eliminated him in the tenth round. This fight will mark the end of Kalule’s outstanding boxing career. Many people want to know what the outcome of the round between Kalulei and Mugabi will be. The age difference is 6 years old, and Kalule was an idol and mentor of the young Mugabi as early as Kampala.

The Olympic Games held in Montreal in 1976 was boycotted by many countries including Uganda. Ayub Kalule was originally scheduled to fight for Uganda. He became a professional boxer. The same is true of teammate Cornelius Bbosa, who later became widely known as Cornelius Bosa (Boza) Edwards and became the world lightweight champion.

The main highlight of the Montreal Games was the final of the welterweight boxing match held on July 31, 1976. Young American “Sugar” Ray Leonard, who planned to stop boxing and continue to attend the University of Maryland, was strongly opposed. And the higher Cubans have an excellent knockout record. Andres Aldama, who eliminated all five previous opponents, is expected to win. But Leonard, like Muhammad Ali, adopted a “go and go” strategy in his early career, which made Cubans frustrated and angry. As the Cubans accused, Leonard would quickly and accurately hit and then retreat. Like the massacre of David-Goliath, even involving Cubans being knocked down, two compulsory inventory must be carried out.

The Moscow Olympic final of the boxing welterweight division, on August 2, 1980, was attended for the second time by experienced and terrifying Andres Aldama. His recent honors include the gold medal at the Pan-African Games held in Puerto Rico last year. Aldama’s opponent, John Mugabi, was 20 years younger than him at the age of 20. He was inexperienced and tested and understood much less. Each of the two boxers eliminated four of their previous five Olympic boxing opponents. John Mugabi is the surviving gold prospect of Uganda.

In the first round, Mugabe proved to be more active. He threw a lot of jabs, but Aldama, the tall southern claw, prevented most of them, and most did not hit the target. Aldama seems to be studying his opponent and determining his size. The judge may have handed this round to Mugabe for this effort.

In the second round, Aldama fell off the stool and fought resolutely. As the game progressed, he gained confidence and sent Mugabi several times. At the end of the round, he caused Mugabi to stumble briefly. But Mugabe courageously counterattacked and apparently had no intention of succumbing. Like the most capable southern paw, Aldama occasionally confused Mugabe by switching to an orthodox boxing position.

The third round is a war. Mugabe is hitting the head in the fight, but the delivery of Aldama is obviously more important. Aldama is also more accurate. Mugabi was tired from experience and stiff fists. He did not succumb to the knockout, but the hypothetical fourth round might lead to Mugabi being eliminated. Mugabi always has strength and perseverance, but weak defense is his main weakness in his career.

The referee announced that the game beat Aldama 4-1. The entire battle can be carried out on U-Tube. Thirty years later, the legendary John Mugabi remains the last Ugandan to win an Olympic boxing medal.



Sneezing in a car accident?


Most of us did it. Regardless of age, the driver will feel the inner gui. We are all likely to sneeze sometime after driving. When cruising, crossing intersections, changing lanes, and paying attention to our business while driving, tingling sensations may spread at any time. After tingling, it’s like sneezing may cause an accident.

Most drivers sneeze when they sneeze unscathed. But some people do get caught in accidents because of this uncontrollable and unpredictable reflection. The danger of sneezing while driving can be frightening.

Sneezing after wheel statistics

In the United States, there are few studies on sneezing, but British researchers have paid attention and noticed some amazing statistics.

  • According to a study conducted by Olbas Max Strength, a British cold and flu medicine, sneezing has caused more than 2 million car accidents.

  • British car repair company Halfords Autocentres reported that 2.6 million British drivers had turned their eyes away from the road due to cold or flu symptoms. Halfords also blamed these unnamed colds and flus for 2,500 accidents per week during the winter in the UK. Of course, sneezing is the most likely culprit to cause the wreckage of these flu.

In the United States, the National Security Council (NSC) is obviously very distracted by driving. The organization reported that 1.6 million traffic accidents are caused by distracted driving each year, especially accusing drivers of using mobile phones or texting while driving. But NSC has not yet provided statistics on sneezing and driving.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention believes that distracted driving in any form of vehicle operation can be classified as one or more of the following three types:

  • Vision-Move away from the road while driving

  • Manual-Remove your hand from the steering wheel while the vehicle is driving

  • Cognition-the driver’s attention is not on the operation and safety of the vehicle while driving

Obviously, sneezing while driving can fall into these three categories at the same time. In addition to being distracted, particularly hard sneezing may also increase the reflexive severe head pressure. As we all know, the driver will hit the steering wheel and other inner surfaces of the car.

According to Halfords, when driving at 60 miles per hour, a driver sneezing behind the steering wheel may close his eyes completely and drive 50 feet or more. Sneezing may cause temporary disorientation and white eyes, thus increasing the distance that may be traversed without visual control.

American road traffic accident caused by sneezing while driving

Although there are not many statistics on such scattered driving in the United States, the results of sneezing while driving are obvious. The national police reported many car accidents.

  • In Missouri in 2012, the death of a single mother was blamed on a teacher who lost control of the car by sneezing.

  • In New Hartford, New York, a driver turned to the highway after sneezing.

  • A woman in Massachusetts may feel terrified when she sneezes to rear-end a state police cruiser.

  • In San Leandro, California, a sneezing truck driver affected another 10 cars.

  • In 2011, a driver died after sneezing in Salisbury, Maryland.

Experts weigh the danger of sneezing while driving

British police officer Steve Rounds said of sneezing while driving: “Sneezing will temporarily close the eyes of the patient.” He continued: “Of course, it is not a problem to drive a car with severe cold symptoms. Responsible accidents that result in death or serious injury may expose sneezing drivers to dangerous driving costs.”

Cantor Crane’s Phoenix Motors Accident Attorney advises drivers to try to stop and stop if they sneeze. Your vehicle can be considered a lethal weapon while driving. This makes it very important to focus on the road when driving into the wheel. This means that your eyes and thoughts are focused on the road and your hands are on the steering wheel. Because research shows that 7% of sneezing drivers have accidents due to cold-related reflections, Crane emphasizes the importance of making sneezing as dangerous as other distracted driving. “Your actions may result in injury or even death. Therefore, it is very important to be responsible for the next time you sneeze while operating the vehicle.”



The Art of Neon-Glowing Marketing Concept


In the early 1920s, a new and exciting promotional phenomenon emerged, pushing traditional marketing methods to another level. In 1923, George Claude (Georges Claude) and his French company Claude Neon (Claude Neon) introduced the neon sign to the United States.
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It was in the same year that the first neon lights were installed in Los Angeles, California. Earle C. Anthony, a Packard car dealer imported from Paris, provided two “Packard” logos to his dealer, and he spent $24,000 for this. Of course, during that time, a lot of money was spent on the two signboards, but the concept is novel and unique, although neon signboards have not yet become popular. Today, this old Packard sign is located in a privately owned structure in Cottage Grove, Oregon, but can be viewed from the sidewalk.
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The glass bender injects various gases (for example, neon, helium, xenon, argon, and k) to produce multiple colors. When you see neon lights shining on Broadway in New York, Las Vegas Boulevard or Fremont Street in Las Vegas, Nevada, they are like fireworks on New Year’s Eve or July 4th Spectacular. Traveling throughout the country and around the world, you will find that various companies are still showing the incredible superb craftsmanship of neon lights.
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The neon lights on the theater’s gate covers, motels, hotels, restaurants, casinos and other corporate signs have added “stunning elements” to attract potential customers and curious onlookers. These lights outside the enterprise are an exciting hook to entice you to understand the situation inside the enterprise. Neon is a quite innovative promotional marketing tool.
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From advertisements to artworks, neon signs, neon clocks, neon features and novelty signs, commercial signs, bar signs, beer signs and the popularity of light boxes have all attracted people’s attention. If you are a neon enthusiast and want to learn more about the education, history and preservation of neon collectibles, please visit the following resources:
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1. MONA (Neon Art Museum) introduces the history, culture and technology of dielectric and dynamic media to the public. MONA provides neon art classes and is dedicated to the education, exhibition and preservation of electronic and dynamic media arts.

2. The Neon Museum in Las Vegas collects, preserves, researches and displays neon signs to enrich and educate global audiences.

3. Roadside Peek contains content about education and neon discovery on its website. They also include other roadside signs and past treasures found throughout the country.

For the locations of institutions that continue to carry out neon sign education, the following is a list of some schools provided by Neon University:

1. British Neon School (England)

2. Dakota Neon School (Pabilon, Nevada)

3. Ed Waldrum Neon School (Owen, Texas)

4. Hollywood Neon Academy (Hollywood, Florida)

5. National Neon Research Institute (Bennecia, California)

6. Neon Trade School (Las Vegas, Nevada)

7. Brutal neon lights (Baltimore, Maryland)

8. City Glass (Brooklyn, New York)

9. North Texas Neon School (Fort Worth, Texas)

10. Northwest Indiana Neon School (Hammond, Indiana)

11. Northwestern Technical College (Lake Detroit, Minnesota)

The artistic, scientific, and dramatic forms of neon signs can inspire you to collect or restore retro promotional looks for your business.

These counterfeit digital assets are decentralized, unlike physical money, which is regulated by each country’s central bank. Ownership of these digital assets is encrypted and a locking system allows for transfer of ownership.
Read also: Notes on the Digital Currency Plan in China
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But to ensure that it is used by only one entity, the split ledger accepts the transaction made by the first user, rejecting all other blocks. In this way, two different entities cannot use the same cryptocurrency, thus creating a secure financial system.
However, there are other ways security breaches can occur in this cryptocurrency world. The crypto package is what some digital coin miners do to illegally access many computers. Miners secretly drop malware onto an unsuspecting user’s computer.


Medical marijuana: a deep understanding of the patient’s journey



To date, medical marijuana has been legalized in 30 US states, including the following:
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Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington and West Virginia.
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Each of these states has its own usage and qualification regulations and guidelines.
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In Florida, the Medical Marijuana Legalization Program (also known as Amendment 2) was approved for qualified patients under the supervision of a qualified and licensed cannabis doctor on November 8, 2016. In addition, the amendment was passed with 6,518,919 (71.32%) votes in favor and 2,621,845 (28.68%) votes.
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The federal government has classified marijuana as a Schedule 1 drug, which makes it illegal for doctors to prescribe marijuana to patients. These cannabis doctors can only make recommendations for medical cannabis in accordance with state law, and the validity period is up to 1 year. The patient cannot go to the pharmacy to prescribe medical marijuana.
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According to strict regulations, medical marijuana doctors are prohibited from being affiliated with any medical marijuana distributor or pharmacy.
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According to the amendment, only certain patients with “debilitating diseases” are protected by law. Diseases classified according to their regulations include post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), chronic muscle spasm, multiple sclerosis, seizures, epilepsy, glaucoma, Crohn’s disease, cancer, HIV/AIDS, ALS (muscular atrophic lateral cord Sclerosis or Lou Gehrig’s disease) and Parkinson’s disease.
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Although the above-mentioned diseases are expressed as “major weak conditions”, in this article, Amendment 2 also states: “or other similar diseases/severity/symptoms/conditions are considered by doctors to be more useful than any Potential health risks.”
Currently, there are about 56 well-known and listed cannabis doctors in Florida.

You can also obtain more information and details on this topic from the Florida Department of Health website ( to learn how to become a medical marijuana patient in Florida. You can also find more in-depth information about revision 2 here.
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Parkinson’s disease

A few months ago, I saw a video on Facebook about a man with Parkinson’s disease who was injected with medical marijuana. The videos before and after were very impressive. Before treatment, you can see the person’s obvious tremor, stuttering, and abnormal posture. The subsequent video shows a very different person. His speech was clear and audible. He did not stutter, tremble, and showed very controlled movements. This person walks and talks like an ordinary person. He also shared how it improved his quality of life.
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As a physiotherapist with different cultural backgrounds, I personally feel different about medical marijuana. However, as a health care professional, it is an obvious phenomenon to witness the significant changes in my patients due to the use of medical marijuana.
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Mr. J.L. has Parkinson’s disease

For five years, J.L. My husband has come to me for physical therapy to solve the problems caused by Parkinson’s disease. Understanding the progress of this disease, I watched this gentle soul deal with the consequences of this debilitating pain. When he started to show weakness, stiffness, tremor, and most importantly, he balanced the problems he reported at home, his attending physician would ask him to be treated.
We meet him for about six to eight weeks each time. We are committed to improving his coordination, strength, flexibility and balance. His main purpose is to ensure his safety and self-sufficiency at home when he lives alone. It is also necessary to prevent falls, which makes him vulnerable to more serious injuries and complications.
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About a few weeks ago, he was again referred by a doctor to the office to arrange physical therapy. Working with this patient for many years, I tried to figure out what happened to him. I will observe and observe carefully during the initial evaluation. He may have noticed the curiosity that made me gg, because he gave me a knowing smile. I can’t stand curiosity anymore, I asked him: “Mr. J, what are you doing?” Mr. J just smiled and asked me why I was curious!
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Well, it finally made me realize that Mr. J.’s right hand had almost no tremor, and he once showed the typical needle-roll tremor of this disease. His neck was aligned and did not move to the right. In addition, his speech is more clear! Another thing that shocked me is that his pace is better. Although not very good, he was able to turn without having to shuffle for many years.

Finally, he shared with me that his neurologist suggested that he start taking cannabis for more than a month. A friend of his apparently mentioned to him on Facebook a video of someone with severe Parkinson’s disease. The man received a shot of medical marijuana and the changes can be seen in a few minutes. This obviously prompted him to consult his attending physician first and then the neurologist.

After taking medical marijuana for just over a month, the changes I saw with Mr. J are huge. His speech improved. His voice was deeper and more audible. He didn’t stutter, and there was almost no vibration, so he could control his right hand better. He also stood upright. His balance and coordination skills have improved, and this is becoming more apparent with the advanced balance retraining he is currently receiving.

During the treatment, Mr. J can bounce the ball to the floor faster and more accurately. We saw him standing and throwing the ball, and no one caught him. We once had a person standing behind him and hugged him because of his slow response and reflexive reaction. His walking has also improved. Just a few months ago, he would drag his right foot and walk at a short pace. If he wants to turn around or raise his leg to stand on one leg, he will lose his balance.

In the nearly a month of using medical marijuana, these seemingly subtle changes have changed his life. He shared that he felt more relaxed and less worried about falling. He can do simple housework with more confidence, and can tolerate more advanced therapeutic exercises during physical therapy. He will not feel tired and will be able to complete more tasks throughout the day.

Mr. J is still on the road, hoping to share this experience and let me tell his story. Knowing him and his background, he is not the kind of person who indiscriminately smokes marijuana just for entertainment and self-indulgence.

About Mr. J.L.

Mr. J originally came from Central New York and has now moved to Florida. About seven (7) years ago, he was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease. He used to be the designer of a prestigious Syracuse China manufacturer whose clients include the White House, five-star hotels and famous restaurants. He was also a tenor of SPEBSQSA (American Barbershop Quartet Singing Protection and Encouragement Association), a member of the Barbershop Quartet, and has performed in several amateur performances on Broadway in New York. He is an art teacher in painting class for middle school students.

Sometime in 1986, his life changed his life. He began to participate in a rehabilitation department, and he revealed that most of them are people with tumors. He has traveled abroad to expand his health department. This caused so much attention that even the media noticed his ministry and reported many times. He is now retired and lives in Palm Cove, Florida.

It’s an honor to meet this special person who has done many things in his youth. He has invested a lot of time and is committed to helping others. I deeply appreciate the humanitarian services provided by Mr. J and how his ministry moved so many lives. I think he is another unknown hero of his time.

It is an honor for him to let me share a fragment of his story. In addition, being able to further develop his progress with him and seeing his motivation and determination over the years is a very inspiring experience.

Mr. J.L.’s personal struggle with Parkinson’s disease.

When Mr. J shared with others, he was formally diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease about seven years ago. He has been under the care of a physician in Palm Bay, Florida.

About Parkinson’s disease

As the staff of the Mayo Clinic said: “Parkinson’s disease is a progressive disease that affects the nervous system of the motor. It gradually develops, and sometimes there is almost no obvious tremor in one hand. But the tremor may be Parkinson’s disease It is a well-known sign that this disease usually also causes stiffness or slowed movement.”

The subsequent effects of the disease include: expressionless faces, also known as cover-ups or low vision, and reduced speech quality, which can cause slurred speech, softness, and even stuttering. These are common among patients I have worked with. The patient’s ability to walk is also affected. The stiffness of the torso, the stiffness, and the reorganization pace can lead to uncoordinated arm swings.

Unfortunately, the disease is progressive, and current drugs are designed to improve symptoms, but they are not necessarily curable.

Currently, there are many ongoing treatment studies, including surgery and electrical stimulation to regulate certain areas of the brain.

However, according to the National Parkinson Foundation, there is currently no standard cure.

In addition, it is recommended to use medicine, change lifestyle, exercise and rest.


Currently prescribed drugs include: carbidopa-levodopa, carbidopa-levodopa infusion, dopamine agonists, MAO-B inhibitors, catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT inhibition Agents), anticholinergics and amantadine. Source: Mayo Clinic Organization

Parkinson and Surgery

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a procedure in which electrodes are implanted in a specific area of ​​the brain, and a generator is implanted in the chest area near the collarbone, which sends an urge to the brain to relieve symptoms. However, this is not a cure and involves many risks and side effects. Neither drugs nor DBS will prevent disease progression.

Parkinson’s disease and physical therapy

Physiotherapists can work with such patients at different stages of the disease. This is mainly due to incoordination, dyskinesia (involuntary movement) and stiffness leading to functional decline, which makes purposeful and spontaneous movement very boring.

These problems may even make the most basic functions (such as eating, grooming and toilet flushing) very difficult. Walking becomes very unstable. Where it is difficult for them to take the first step (because of slow movement-very slow movement), shuffling gait is very common, but once it goes on, it is difficult to stop. Many of these patients are at high risk of falling, and a large number of patients are completely dependent on care at a later stage.

When referring to physical therapy, patient education about proper exercise, exercise strategies, task adjustments, gait training and falls prevention strategies is part of the overall care and functional intervention plan. They are also often referred to as speech therapy for speech and eating problems, and basic self-care and hand or upper limb function are also called occupational therapy.

Mr. J’s fight

About 5 years ago, I worked with Mr. J for the first time. Although he was not in the advanced stages of the disease at that time, he had already exhibited the main visible symptoms of the disease: tremors in the hands and neck, disguised phases, stiffness, and obvious incoordination. He walked slowly, he was walking slowly, and because it was impossible to turn quickly, it took a long time to walk from room to room. When he turns, he tends to lose his balance and fall. His response was slow. He hardly catches the ball or rebounds. His speech was vague, almost inaudible, and stuttered. It is difficult for him to go up and down the simple curbs and stairs. He fell several times due to balance problems.

Mr. J worked tirelessly on physiotherapy plans and was always very active. Over the years, for each episode he mentioned to us, he has always shown improvement and has always followed our specific exercise plan. However, due to the progressive nature of this disease, his body will decline, we have to cooperate with him again.

He shared the story of how he first noticed the change in Parkinson’s disease. The most important thing he mentioned was when he taught painting for middle school students in an art class in New York. He said that due to shaking, he gradually had difficulty drawing and using his right hand. The rest included his facial expressions, stiffness and stiff changes until he moved to Florida, which has become worse and worse in recent years.

Under the care of a physician, he was prescribed Sinemet and other medicines he had taken over the years.

The last time I saw him receiving treatment was in early 2016. His right hand was trembling and there was involuntary convulsions in his neck. His masked expression is improving, his face is almost drooping, and his steps are difficult. He could hardly move one foot to the other. He also reported that he fell due to worsening balance problems.

That’s why when I saw him in March this year, I saw that his major changes were attributed to medical marijuana.

Medical marijuana: capsules and gummies

He further shared his story. After learning about the potential benefits of medical marijuana for Parkinson’s disease, he consulted his attending physician, who instructed him to further consult a neurologist. Due to the continuous development of Parkinson’s disease, his neurologist recommended trying medical marijuana.

Mr. J then started using medical marijuana capsules, which he said contained about 30 25-mg capsules. Including freight, it cost him about $80. Along with his goods came a sample pack of a gum version of about 5 gums. According to him, these capsules are very bitter and he takes 1 capsule daily.

He added that after taking the first capsule, he felt very relaxed and calm. He can move around, get on and off the bed more easily, get on and off the chair better. He also noticed that his shock was much smaller than the first time he came.

Mr. J said he prefers hemp jelly because it tastes like candy and is more delicious than capsules. Even more so, fudge seems to work much faster than capsules and is much cheaper. The cost of each capsule is about $3, and the cost of each gum is about $1.

To mimic the role of fudge, Mr. J said he tried to melt his capsule under his tongue to remove its bitter edge. He also chewed the ordinary fudge gummy bears. This worked for him.

So far, Mr. J has continued physical therapy, and we see that he can better tolerate and perform high-level balance training tasks that he could not do before. His right hand hardly shook or even shook, his neck no longer twitched, and his reflexes improved. I can see this through his ability to turn without losing balance. When he catches the ball, throws it or bounces it, we don’t have to catch him to improve the protective righting reflex he needs to not fall. He can raise his feet while walking, and the dragging action is much less.

Still aware of the gradual nature of this disease, it is encouraging that this clever, kind, intelligent and talented person overcomes the daily dysfunction caused by this debilitating and irreversible disease.

For people with debilitating diseases, the daily victory of being able to move and perform tasks that seem trivial to most of us is a blessing.

The legalization of medical marijuana is currently and will continue in Congress. We have different positions and strong opinions on this issue. Research on its advantages and disadvantages is ongoing. I foresee more understanding of its existence as an alternative treatment for various diseases that do not respond to traditional medicine and treatment.

However, as a medical professional, it is really satisfying to be able to witness Mr. J.’s functional changes, even though he is ill, he can remain independent and self-sufficient.

I am currently looking for someone who can share the negative effects of medical marijuana with me. I hope to hear from you, and of course you can share your journey and experience anonymously.

If you have anything to share, please contact me.

Greetings for a good day until the next article!